Special Education Technical Terms and Abbreviations Frequently used at IEP meetings. Part IVReferral For Assessment - Any request for assessment, made by a parent, teacher or other service provder. Referrals for assissment should be in writing ot avoid delay. Where an oral referral for assessment is made, school staff must offer assistance to the individual making the referral to put it in wrting.

Related Services - Specific services, also called designated instructions and services, which are required to assist a student with a disability to benefit from special education or general education. Includes transportation, speech-language pathology, audiological services, psychological services, physical and occupational therapy, recreation, including therapeutic recreation, social work services, counseling services, including rehabilitation counseling, orientation and mobility services, medical services for diagnostic or evaluation purposes only. The term includes school health servies, social work services in schools and parent counseling and training.

Resource Specialist Program (RSP) - A program or service provided by a credentialed Resource Specialist teacher for students with disabilities.

School of Attendance - Refers to the school a student is attending which may or may not be in his or her area of residence.

School of residence - Refers to the school a studetn attends or would attend because of the lcoation of his or her residence in the schools attendance area.

Short-Term Objective - Included in the student's IEP as a means of measureing progress toward a goal. It includes a series of intermediate steps or training activities that will take the student from his or her current level of functioning to the accomplishment of annual goals.

Special Day Class (SDC) - A special education class, taught by a specially credentialed teacher, for students who benefit from enrollment in special education for a majority of the school day.

Special Education - The term "special education" means specially designed instruction at no cost to parents, to meet the unique needs of a student with a disability.

Specific Learning Disability (SLD) - A specific learning disability is a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, which may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical calculations. Eligibility for servcies requires that there is a severe discrepancy between intellecutal ability and achievement in one or more of the following academic areas: oral or written expression, listening or reading comprehension, basic reading skills, mathematics calculations and reasoning.

Surrogate Parent - A person who is appointed by the District to act as a childs "parent" in all matters related to special education. A surrogate is appointed when a child is a dependent or ward of the court, and the court has limited the rights of the parent/guardian to make educational decisions, or when a parent cannont be identified or located.

Transistion - The term refers to the passage from one program, setting or environmetn to another. In special education, it may include, passage from elementary to middle school programs, movement from a special day class setting to a general education setting, graduation from a high school program into a work environment or other significant changes for a student.

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) - Traumatic brain injury is an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical event resulting in total or partial functional disabilitiy or psychosocial impairment that adversely affects a student's educational performance. It may include open or cloased head injuries resulting in impairment in one or more areas such as cognition, speech judgement, problem solving, perceptual and motor abilities, sensory, psychosocial behavior, physical fucntions and infoformation processing.

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