Special Education Technical Terms and Abbreviations Frequently used at IEP meetings.Adapteed Physical Education (APE) - A special education (remedial) program for studetns who require developmental or corrective instruction and who cannot participate in the activities of the general physical education program, a modified general physical education program or a specially designed physical education program in a special class.

Assessment - The gathering of information about the student to determine his or her eligibilty for special education and service needs. It may include tests, observations, interviews, and review of school records or student work samples.

Assistive Technology - Any item, piece of equipment, product, or system, whether acquired commercial "off the shelf", modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve functional capabilities of students with disabilities.

Autism (AUT) - A developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evident before the age of three.

Behavior Intervention - Implementation of procedures for the elimination of maladaptive behaviors which are significantly interferring with the implementation of the student's IEP. A systematic implementation of procedures, identified in the IEP, that results in lasting positive changes in the individuals behavior. Acceptable interventions include positive behavioral support strategies that do not cause pain or trauma, and that which respect the students individual needs and dignity. Specific prohibited interventions are defined in the California Code of Regulations, Title 5 - Huges Bill.

Bilingual - The ability to speak two lanuages with native or near-native skills.

Community Based Instruction (CBI) - Instruction in the skills needed to function in community settings. Instruction takes place both in the community and in the classroom.

Deaf-Blind - Students with both hearing and vision disabilities.

Deaf or Hard of Hearing (DHH or HOH) - Students who have a measureable hearing loss, conductive or sensorineural, in either one or both ears, which limits the normal acquision of speech and language through the ear. Students with a hearing impairment may require an aural/oral or total communication approach.

Designated Instruction and Servces (DIS) - Specific services, also called related services, which are required to assist a student with a disability to benefit from special education or general education. Includes transportation, speech-language pathology, audiological services, psychological services, physical and occupational therapy, recreation, including therapeutic recreation, social work services, counseling services, including rehabilitation counseling, orientation and mobility services, medical services for diagnostic or evalution purposes only. The term includes school health services, social work services in schools and parent counseling and training.

Developmental Delay - An observed difference between a persons development and behavior and the typical development and behavior expected of people of the same age.

Early Education - A program ot serve students between the ages 4.9 adn 7.9 with severe or nonsevere disabilities in special education classrooms.

Dual Placement/Enrollment - occurs when the IEP team determines that a student with a disabilitiy should be educated part-time in a non-public shcool (NPS) and part-time on a general education campus in general education classes, resource specialists programs, or special day classes..

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